Last week the U.K. held Parliamentary elections, seating a new Parliament but returning David Cameron as Prime Minister. His Conservative party, which came to power in coalition with the Liberal Democrats in 2010, won enough seats to hold a majority on its own. You can find plenty of analysis about the impact of the election in many sources, including discussion of how the polls so badly connected to the final outcome.
And, of course, I’m just a Yank speculating from across the ocean about all of this.
Following the election, there has been a reshuffling of Cabinet portfolios. This reflects both the change from a coalition to single party rule and the normal turnover expected between elections. The last reshuffling put MP Greg Clark in charge of Universities and Science (along with Cities), replacing now former MP David Willetts. Clark was returned to Parliament in this election, but his portfolio has returned to focus on cities. Clark is now the Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government. The BBC has characterized this as a promotion, which implies the relative importance of the universities and science portfolio for aspiring MPs.
The new Minister for Universities and Science is MP Jo Johnson. Johnson was elected in 2010 and in his first term served in Cabinet Office. He was made head of the Number 10 Policy Unit in 2013, and it’s unclear as of this writing whether he will remain in that position or not. Johnson’s educational background is in history and business, and after a short time as an investment banker he has been a financial journalist for several years.
It’s early to know what Jo Johnson will do in the position. With the UK looking at a referendum concerning EU membership, I think the higher education portion of his portfolio may command most of his attention. Based on Johnson’s work on the Conservative Party manifesto for this election, he may well see this posting as a stepping stone to other possibilities. With Johnson’s brother Boris returning to Parliament after several years as Mayor of London, both Johnsons may strive to become larger players in UK politics.
The Universities and Science Minister is part of the Department on Business, Innovation and Skills. The new Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills is MP Sajid Javid. Prior to the election he served in several positions, most recently as Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. Like Johnson, Javid worked in finance, but did not move into journalism before entering politics. His educational background is in economics and politics. I kind of expect both Javid and Johnson to move on to higher positions within this new Cameron government, should the opportunities present themselves.
Finally, MP Greg Freeman remains as Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Life Sciences. His post remains split between the Health Department and the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.