Earlier this month the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released its open access policy for federally funded research results and research data (H/T GCN). This is to comply with the Office of Science and Technology directive from 2013 for all agencies with annual research budgets over $100 million.
The policy will be implemented in stages, starting with two of the agency’s journals, and then expanding to all intramural agency research by October of 2015. By October 2016 the policy will be completely implemented, and any NIST-funded research articles will need to be deposited in the PubMed Central repository within 12 months of publication (fields can petition the agency for a longer or shorter embargo period).
Research data will be handled indirectly. NIST has developed an enterprise data inventory to list NIST-funded research datasets. The agency would not store those datasets, but provide sufficient metadata and other information to allow the public to access those datasets. This is consistent with the approach favored by many of the agencies that have already released their open access plans.