Last Thursday H.R. 5037, the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2010 2009 (NOTE 5/13/10 – while press on this bill uses the year 2010, the actual bill says 2009) was introduced in the House (H/T ScienceInsider). This bill mirrors similar legislation introduced by Senator Lieberman last year, S. 1363, which has yet to move out of committee. The text of H.R. 5037 is not publicly available as yet, so there may be notable difference between the bills worth pointing out.
What should be noted is that not only does this bill take the same general stance as the Senate legislation, it runs counter to another House bill that would roll back the National Institutes of Health open access policy that is seen as the basis for S.1363, and presumably H.R. 5037. This bill has cosponsors from both parties (Rep. Mike Doyle of Pennsylvania is the main sponsor), and when you think about the Executive Branch’s recent request for comment on public access to research, it now seems a lot more likely than it did in early 2009 that something will change soon. The unknowns right now are who will make it happen and what it will look like.